Lawrence M. Witmer, PhD
Professor of Anatomy
Chang Ying-Chien Professor of Paleontology
OU Presidential Research Scholar 2004-2009

Dept. of Biomedical Sciences
Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
Life Science Building, Rm 123
Ohio University
Athens, Ohio 45701 USA




3D Visualization

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Panoplosaurus (ROM 1215; Ornithischia: Ankylosauria) skull, nasal cavity, and airway


Acrobat 3D PDFs
Download labeled images at the bottom of the page.

Large file — skull with nasal cavity and airway (28.4 MB)
Medium file — skull with nasal cavity and airway (10.5 MB)
Small file — skull with nasal cavity and airway (6.0 MB)

 Download a labeled image

View our mini-tutorial!

• These interactive visualizations are in PDF format and were generated from Adobe Acrobat 3D, which is a relatively new program that permits the use of interactive 3D content in the widely available and familiar PDF format.

To use these files, you will need to have an updated version of Acrobat Reader, which can be downloaded for free! It's worth the time to download the latest Reader, not just to access the new 3D capability but also simply to have the most current version of the Reader—it is, after at, the same Reader used for conventional PDFs, but now with interactive 3D functionality.

• Each 3D PDF is provided in three files sizes. Larger files provide more detail but take longer to download and require a more powerful computer. Smaller files are blockier but easier to manipulate.

• Clicking on the links below will launch the 3D PDF in its own window. If you don't have the most up-to-date Acrobat Reader or it's not set in your web browser as the default for opening PDFs, then you might get an error message. Check the mini-tutorial for help troubleshooting the problem.





Movies 3D PDFs
  This website provides supplementary information as an adjunct to the published paper. Witmer, with the skilled assistance of Ryan Ridgely, is responsible for the content of the website. Content provided here is for educational and research purposes only, and may not be used for any commercial purpose without the permission of L. M. Witmer and other relevant parties.

This project was funded by grants from the National Science Foundation.

  Ohio University
Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
Irvine Hall, Athens, Ohio 45701
740-593-2530 740-597-2778 fax

Last updated: 11/19/2015